In our guide you may find tips that will help you to solve many issues related to the breeding and nutrition of your pet.

 

 Canine Car & Nutrition

         

 

 Feline Care & Nutrition


The most common canine diseases

1. Signs of what diseases can be itch and red skin of a dog?

2. What to do if your dog does not want to use the stairs?

3. How to prevent obesity and fight with it?

4. What does increased thirst mean?

5. What can cause inflammation of the urinary bladder?



 
 
 
 
 
 
CANINE CARE AND NUTRITION
 

 
1. Where I can take a puppy from kennel to home?
 
The total change of environment for the little dog can be very stressful, so we can take a puppy home no earlier than in 8th week of his life. Previously you must complete all the necessary accessories that provide comfort of his life in a new place.

 
2. What do I need to buy before adopting a puppy?
 
First, you need to create a location where the dog is able to relax. It is worth remembering that it should not be directly at the radiator and away from the areas exposed to the air drafts. The size of a bed should consider the adult size of your pet and be further increased by about 20 cm. To allow the dog fit in it easily.

Another essential element in the new place for the dog is a bowl for food and water. Consider purchasing a ceramic or stainless steel bowl. They are more durable and safer than the plastic, which can be bitten by a teething puppy.

Toys we are going to give to the dog should be designed for him. An ordinary plush mascot may contain elements easy to tear and swallow, which can be dangerous to life and health of the dog.

 
3. How to prepare my home and family for a dog?
 
Prior to the arrival of a new member of the family, make sure that the room in which puppy will reside, were fairly accessible and secured to not be a risk for him. We should properly secure electric cables and secure the gaps between furniture where pet could get stuck.

If there are children in the family, you have to explain them that the dog is not a toy. A child should never been left with a dog without any care - when a small child do any harm to him, then the dog may bite them in defense.

 
How to properly care for your dog?
 

 
1. When to start brushing your dog?
 
It is worth to get your pet used to the care treatments from puppy years in order these activities were not too stressful for him later. Depending on the length of hair, you should select the correct comb or brush and purchase appropriate cosmetics..

 
2. How to take care of teeth and ears of a dog?
 
For oral hygiene ideal are specialized chews, which prevent the formation of tartar. To prevent oral diseases, we can also brush the teeth of our pet 1-2 times a week with toothbrush and toothpaste for dogs .

Dog's ears are particularly vulnerable to inflammation, which can lead to fungal infection, and therefore a very important component of the care of your pet is a regular ear cleaning using dedicated fluids. Please note that you must not use the cosmetic cotton buds because they can be dangerous to their health.

 
3. How to trim your dog's nails?
 
Systematic trimming claws can also be extremely stressful for the dog, if you do not get used to it him from an early age. For this procedure, we use special trimmers. You should be particularly careful when trimming claws as it is easy to hurt the paw of the pet. If you are not sure that you are able to do it right if the claws are very dark, the best would be to ask for it your veterinarian.

 
4. How to teach your dog cleanliness?
 
We should know that a dog demand for proteins, calcium and other minerals is much higher than their quantity in the human diet. If you do not have sufficient knowledge about canine nutrition, food prepared by your own can expose him to lowered immunity and increased risk of disease.

There are many feed in the shops, which varied composition allows us to choose the appropriate food for the breed, size and age.In particular cases, a veterinarian may recommend a special diet, for example to animals with allergies, obesity, diabetes or diseases of the urinary tract.

 
5. What food do I give to the dog?
 
Heat in females is the sign of puberty, it appears for the first time between 6 and 12 month of life. It occurs twice a year and lasts for 21 days. Shops are offering a special underwear for bitches in heat which will keep your place clean.

 
7. Why it is worth to sterilize / castrate a dog?
 
If you do not plan on breeding, it is worth to consider, together with your veterinarian, a sterilization of a female or castration a male dog. Sterilization avoids genital diseases and imaginary pregnancy, while castration will calm the hyperactivity of a dog.

 
8. How to prepare a female for the role of a mother?
 
While planning the breeding, firstly you should take a female to a veterinary in order to examine her health and physical condition. You should remember that decision of breeding requires additional responsibility and increases costs so it can never be made hastily.

 
9. When to deworm a dog and how to fight against parasites?
 
Regular deworming allows to prevent the presence of internal parasites inside dog's body. On the other hand, to protect the animal from worms leaving on the skin there are many useful preventive measures. Specimens containing permethrin, imidacloprid and pyriproxyfen effectively deter fleas. To combat the tick-borne babesiosis agents acting as a deterrent will be useful and tweezers intended to extract arachnids.

 
10. When and on what to vaccinate a dog?
 
Vaccination of dogs we use as a precautionary measure, according to the vaccination schedule, which sets our veterinarian. We can vaccinate a dog against illnesses such as kennel cough, distemper, parvovirosis, leptospirosis, koronovirosis and viral hepatitis. Vaccination against rabies is mandatory and must be done after completion of the second month of a puppy life.

 

 

 

 
 

 

 
 
 
Proper diet is a key.
 

 
1. What ingredients should a proper canine diet have?
 
Demand for proteins, fats and minerals varies regarding age, breed and size of an animal. The main nutritional ingredients are: proteins, fats, carbohydrates, minerals, vitamins and water.

 
2. What is the dog's demand for proteins and what can it's deficiency cause?
 
Proteins are organic compounds composed of amino acid rests.

For the proper functioning of the body dog needs aminoacids such as: arginine, histidine, leucine, isoleucine, lysine, phenylalanine, tyrosine, tryptophan, threonine, valine, methionine, cysteine.

Protein deficiency can lead to protein malnutrition, but also a serious and common problem is deficiency of methionine and cysteine, which are responsible for the formation of proteins of the skin and hair.

 
3. What supports the skin and the immune system and what provides energy?
 
The primary energy source for the dog are fats which are providing the essential fatty acids and enhancing the proper functioning of the skin and the immune system.

Composed of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen carbohydrates provide and store energy meaning glucose. Dietary fibre, which is one of the carbohydrate fraction, influences on maintaining gastrointestinal health. There are soluble and insoluble fibres. The first one ferments, which contributes to the growth of bacterial flora. In turn, the insoluble fibre does not ferment what facilitates proper defecation.

 
4. What vitamins dog requires?
 
Necessary to maintain the health vitamins contained in the dog food in amounts and proportions which are difficult to reach while preparing food by your own. Vitamins A, D, E and K are fat-soluble and responsible for i.a. a healthy vision, bones and antioxidant functions. Water-soluble vitamins B1, B2, B3, B5, B6, B7, B9 and B12 are necessary for the chemical reactions including nerve conduction.

 
5. What minerals are essential for dog?
 
Phosphorus, calcium, potassium, magnesium and chlorine are the macro elements essential for every dog diet. Micro elements essential for proper functioning of the body are: iron, zinc, copper, iodine, manganese and selenium.

 
6. Should you prepare food by yourself for the dog?
 
Many of us think that the preparation of a fully valuable food in your own kitchen is not difficult, however it is hard to calculate the amount of vitamins and proteins in such a food, what can cause a danger of shortages for our dog.

Shop food have an adequate amount of calories, proteins, fat, vitamins and minerals needed for the proper functioning of the body of each dog.

 
7. How and when do we feed the dog?
 
It makes common sense that dogs, as humans should eat at regular intervals. If this is something you can not provide then you should purhase a automatic food dispenser.

Every dogfood is different.It can differ in both taste and ingredients. The producer places the recommended portions on the back of the bag. You should weigh the dog and give him food accordingly

 

 

 
 
The most common canine diseases
 

 
1. Signs of what diseases can be itch and red skin of a dog?
 
Itch and reddened skin may be a signs of one of the popular dermatological diseases, such as atopic dermatitis, flea allergy or food allergy. In the case of the latter, an allergic reaction can occur after ingestion of poultry, beef, eggs, milk, soy or cereals, meaning the ingredients placed in majority of feed for dogs and cats. With food allergies, a veterinarian usually prescribes a special veterinary diet.

 
2. What if your dog does not want to use the stairs?
 
Mobility difficulties occurring in dogs and reluctance to come up the stairs may indicate a problems with the joints. Damage to articular cartilage is common for an old age and overweight, sometimes follows a history of injuries and accidents, but also happens to dogs of large and giant breeds. With joints diseases a veterinarian may prescribe a special diet and medications and recommend rehabilitation, which will improve the quality of life for your pet.

 
3. How to prevent obesity and fight with it?
 
Dogs are diagnosed with obesity increasingly, which usually leads to diabetes and diseases of the skin, joints and kidneys. To obesity contribute habits such as “under table” feeding, the administration of too much food and not enough movement. If the pupil began to gain weight, then you should consult your veterinarian, who can prescribe a proper veterinary diet.

 
4. What does increased thirst mean?
 
Disease occurring at the beginning with almost no signs is a kidney failure. Disregarding of this disease can be fatal and significantly shorten the life of your pet. The breeds of dogs that most often suffer from kidney are: Rottweiler, Dalmatian, Cocker Spaniel, Beagle, Doberman and Bull terrier. If we notice that the animal increasingly reaches into a bowl of water and gives an excessive amount of urine, we should immediately go to the veterinarian.

 
5. What can cause inflammation of the urinary bladder?
 
Bacteria, fungi and parasites can contribute to inflammation of the bladder, which is manifested by hematuria and increased frequency of urination. For diagnosis of the disease are required blood, urine, x-ray and ultrasound examinations. Your veterinarian may recommend a special diet and antibiotic therapy, antifungal, antiparasitic or just basic treatment.

 

 
 

 

 
 
 
FELINE CARE AND NUTRITION
 

 
1. How do I check if I'm ready to bring a cat to home?
 
Before you decide to have a cat, you should think about whether you will be able to devote him sufficient time and attention. Under our absence, bored cats are able to completely destroy the room in which they stay alone.

Saliva, which cats distribute throughout the whole fur, can cause severe allergic reactions. It should be taken into account that the people who so far have shown no symptoms of hypersensitivity can see the first signs of an allergy.

 
2. What should I buy before the cat appears at home?
 
When you decide to live with a small kitten, before his arrival to our home, we have to complete all the accessories needed to care for the pet. The most important elements include: bowl for water and food, bed, toys, scratching post, litter box, litter, scoop and transporter.

 
3. How to prepare your property for a new tenant?
 
Prior to the arrival of a new member of the family, we should make sure that the house is properly secured. Protect the windows and balcony with a special mesh that stops our pet from escape without our knowledge and protect against falls from a height..

 
4. What plants can threaten our cat?
 
Cats are very fond of biting different plants. Consumption of certain species can cause serious stomach problems, and even lead to death of a pet. Let's make sure that the dangerous plants are in a location inaccessible to the cat.
 
 
 
 
 
How to raise a happy cat?
 

 
1. How to deal with sharp claws of a cat?
 
Sharpening the claws is one of natural activities of a cat, what can lead to destroyed furniture and other household items.

 
2. How to choose a proper scratching post?
 
Depending on the cat's preferred surface for scratching, you need to select the best scratcher for your cat. If the cat is destroying carpets, choose a scratching post covered with carpet, but in a situation in which cat prefers the couch, it is better to buy him a scratching post made of sisal.

 
3. How to deter your cat to destroy the furniture?
 
To encourage the cat to use a scratching post, you can use preparations containing catnip. If, however, the pet has its favourable particular object, you can protect it by using repellents against claws.

 
4. How to help your cat to adjust to a new environment?
 
To help the cat to adopt to new environment you may consider using of feline pheromones. Variety of available products will facilitate to choose the best solution.

 
5. How to teach your cat to use the litter box?
 
When kitten arrives to home, the litter box should have been prepared and waiting for him. Cats usually do not have any problems using a litter box but you can reward your kitten every time he uses it.

 
6. What is the best cat litter?
 
There are different types of litter for cats available. Some products may cause an allergic reaction or just not suit the cat what he will show us by a reluctance to use the litter box. You should then consider changing it to another product.

 
7. When you take your cat to the vet?
 
A new member of our family should be taken to a vet straight away in order to evaluate his health condition, deworm and vaccinate.

 
8. Against which diseases you should vaccinate a cat?
 
When cats reach the eighth week of life and acclimate to the new place, they should be vaccinated at the most dangerous diseases, which include Feline panleukopenia, Feline herpesviruses and Feline calicivirosis.

Against rabies we vaccinate only those cats that are or will be released on the outside, because they are exposed to the virus.

 

 
9. When the cat should start to be dewormed?
 
Between third and sixth month of his life we should deworm our pupil in every 30 days. After this period we repeat this in every three months.

Even the cat does not go out, preventing the parasites is very important.

 
10. How to protect the cat from fleas and ticks?
 
An ordinary collar is just an aesthetic addition to your pet, but attaching the address tag to it will identify the cat in case of loss. Special anti-parasitic collar will help to protect your pet from fleas or ticks. Small bell and reflection attached to the collar will allow you to quickly locate your pet in the home and garden.

When choosing a collar for your cat which goes out, you should pay attention whether it is flexible and stretchy - so that a cat could easily free himself for being caught on a branch or other object.

 
11. Collar or harness – what is better?
 
In order to control your cat outside we can use a lead. In that case do not attach lead to a cat collar as a sudden jerk can choke him. Instead of collars we use a harness dedicated to cats.

 
12. When a female can have kittens?
 
After completing six months of age, female cat is ready for fertilization. Pregnancy lasts about nine weeks, after which the female gives birth to an average of 6 kittens.

 
13. Do we castrate/sterilise a cat?
 
 If you do not plan on breeding, it is worth to consider, together with your veterinarian, a sterilization of a female or castration a male cat. Sterilization avoids genital diseases and imaginary pregnancy, while castration will calm the hyperactivity of a cat.
 
 
 
Proper diet is a key

 
1. Can cat eat what me and my family eats?
 
Please note that cat is a carnivore, so it is important to choose a diet corresponding to his needs.

The demand for proteins, fats and minerals varies due to age, breed and size of the animal. The main nutrients include proteins, fats, carbohydrates, minerals, vitamins and water.

 
2. Do cats drink milk?
 
Contrary to popular belief, feeding a cat with milk is bad for his health. Cow's milk contains a large amount of lactose - sugar, for digestion of which the adult cat's body is not prepared. Carnivorous cats are adapted to digest milk only in lactation period, then the majority of them loose enzymes capable of digesting lactose. Drinking milk can lead your cat to indigestion and chronic diarrhea.

If you want to give your cat milk, you should reach for available in many stores specialized dairy products, which are designed to work of the body of your pet.

 
3. What proteins are essential in the feline diet?
 
Proteins are organic compounds composed of amino acid residues.

For the proper functioning of the body cat, you need amino acids such as:

arginine, histidine, leucine, isoleucine, lysine, phenylalanine, tyrosine, tryptophan, threonine, valine, methionine, cysteine, taurine..

 
4. Can a cat eat dog food?
 
Cats have a higher requirement for protein, so he should not eat dog food, because it can cause a deficiency of this compound.

 
5. What result can a deficiency of proteins in the diet create?
 
Protein deficiency can lead to protein malnutrition, but also a serious and common problem is the shortage of methionine and cysteine, which are responsible for the formation of proteins of the skin and hair.

 
6. Which fats should be included in a cat daily diet?
 
The primary source of energy for the cat are fats, that with providing essential fatty acids support proper functioning of the skin and the immune system.

Cat does not have the capacity to process contained in vegetable fats linoleic acid to arachidonic acid which is a omega 6 acid. Source for these fats are products derived from animals such as egg yolks and fatty meats. Preventing the effects of deficiency of this compound, both wet and dry cat food have an appropriate level of arachidonic acid.

 
7. Carbohydrates - how to properly balance a diet for your cat?
 
Composed of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen, carbohydrates provide and store energy such is glucose. Dietary fibre, which is one of the carbohydrate fraction, influences on maintaining gastrointestinal health. There are soluble and insoluble fibre. Soluble fibre ferments, which contributes to the growth of bacterial flora. In turn, the insoluble fibre is not able to ferment so that the animals are able to defecate properly.

 
8. What vitamins and minerals are necessary for the proper functioning of the cat's body?
 
 
Necessary to maintain the health vitamins are contained in the cat food in amounts and proportions which are difficult to reach while preparing food by your own. Vitamins A, D, E and K are fat-soluble and responsible for i.a. a healthy vision, bones and antioxidant functions. Water-soluble vitamins B1, B2, B3, B5, B6, B7, B9 and B12 are necessary for the chemical reactions including nerve conduction.

Phosphorus, calcium, sodium, potassium, magnesium and chlorine are essential macro elements in the diet of each cat. The micro elements important for proper functioning of the body would be: iron, zinc, copper, iodine, manganese and selenium.

 
9. When to supplement the cat?
 
The more minerals and vitamins cat food contains, the better. In case of a food with poorer composition a proper supplementation is important. Stores offer supplements, the administration of which is conducive to the healthy development of your pet.

 
10. Can I give my cat a food prepared by my own?
 
Many of us believe that the preparation of a fully valuable food in your own kitchen is not difficult, however, because it is difficult to calculate the amount of vitamins and proteins in food prepared by us, we can easily put our pet in danger of shortages of some compounds.

Shop food have an adequate amount of calories, protein, fat, vitamins and minerals needed for the proper functioning of the body of each cat. Feed for cats is properly balanced - feeding with dry and wet food will help us to meet all the nutritional needs of a cat.

 
11. Dry or wet food. Which do I choose?
 
Dry food in form of granules may be difficult to chew for small kittens. In this case, it is best to mix it with the wet food and gradually increase the amount of dry food and reduce the amount of wet food. Dry food may be moistened with a bit of lukewarm water. Administration of both dry and wet food makes the diet is varied, and water consumption greater.
 
 
 
The most common feline diseases
 

 

1. Is scratching and hair licking always a symptom of a food allergy?

Itch and reddened skin may be a signs of one of the popular dermatological diseases, such as atopic dermatitis, flea allergy or food allergy. In the case of the latter, an allergic reaction can occur after ingestion of poultry, beef, eggs, milk, soy or cereals, meaning the ingredients placed in majority of feed for dogs and cats. With food allergies, a veterinarian usually prescribes a special veterinary diet.

 

 
2. What if a cat has mobility problems?
 
Difficulty in movement occurring in cats and reluctance to come up the stairs, may indicate a problem with the joints. Damage to articular cartilage is most common with old age and overweight, sometimes followed by a history of injuries and accidents. When diseases of the joints veterinarian may prescribe a special diet and medication, and recommend rehabilitation, which will improve the quality of life for your pet.

 
3. How to deal with obesity in cats? What are the most common causes?
 
Obesity in cats is diagnosed increasingly, which usually leads to diabetes and diseases of the skin, joints and kidneys. To obesity contribute habits such as “under table” feeding, the administration of too much food and not enough movement. If the pupil began to gain weight, then you should consult your veterinarian, who can prescribe a proper veterinary diet.

 
4. Why cat is drinking more and more, and gives an increased amount of urine?

Kidney failure is a disease occurring at the beginning almost with no signs of. Disregard of this disease can be fatal and significantly shorten the life expectancy of a cat. If we notice that the animal increasingly reaches into a bowl of water and gives an excessive amount of urine we should immediately report to the veterinarian. 

 
5. What can blood in cat urine mean?
 
 
Bacteria, fungi and parasites contribute to inflammation of the bladder, which is manifested by an increase in hematuria and frequency of urination. The diagnosis of the disease are required blood, urine, x-ray and ultrasound examinations. Your veterinarian may recommend a special diet and antibiotic antifungal, anti-parasitic therapy or basic treatment.

There are no obstacles to independently monitor and detect bacterial infections with the tests available at pet stores.

 
6. What are the symptoms of tick-borne diseases?
 
Currently, it is estimated that every third tick carries Lyme disease. If the tick bite spot is redded and a ring creates around you should go to the vet as soon as possible. Lyme disease can be also manifested by fever, malaise, loss of appetite and sensitivity.

Besides Lyme, ticks can also transmit babesiosis, anaplasmosis, tick-borne encephalitis, and many other life-threatening diseases. It is worth to protect the cat against ticks using antiparasitic preparations.

 
7. How to care for a cat after sterilization/castration?
 
 Sterilization procedure requires stitches, which are mostly soluble. Cat may begin to intensively lick the place, so it will be useful to wear the cat a specialist protective clothing that will protect the stitches.

 
8. What can cause an unpleasant smell from cat's mouth?
 
If we started to notice an intense, bad smell from mouth of our cat, we should go to the veterinarian. The cause of the unpleasant odour can be, for example, plaque, kidney, and digestive problems.

 
9. Hairballs – what is this? How to help your cats with it?
 
Vomiting, constipation and the presence of hair in cats stool can be a proof of hairballs deposed in the cat's body. Besides combing the hair you can use a specialist food or paste that will help your cat

 

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